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Monday, 8 December 2008

The Smallest Monkey

Last week the world was stirred up with the re-discovery of the smallest monkey in the world that already more than 80 years had not been seen. The tarsier pumilus, was like this this species scientific name was found in the Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, by Sharon Gursky-Doyen from anthropology Texan A&M University, AS.

Penemuan this was very important because of this species just four times had been found since being described in 1921. Before Gursky-Doyen found him, this species had been caught in 2000. It was the team that was led by Dr. Ibnu Maryanto, the mammalian researcher from the Agency of Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) that without deliberate found him in the mouse snare that the installation on the floor of the forest of Lore Lindu.

"His snare would was given by us salted fish." Possibly the salted fish was surrounded by ants and the tarsier entered, said Ibnu when being met in gaps open house the Zoologicum Bogoriense Museum (MZB), Cibinong, Bogor, on Wednesday (26/11). Unfortunately, this tarsier died because of this snare.
Ibnu claimed startled after knew that was snared was the tarsier kind was smallest. He afterwards made him the research specimen that currently is preserved in MZB. Penemuan that was published in the international journal attracted the interest of several world researchers to "pursue" this rare species.

According to the "mammalian" book of "Dilindungi Perundang-undangan Indonesia" published by LIPI Press in 2008, the Tarsier pumilus that also was acknowledged as stunted by the tarsier, krabu I was small, or ngasi and tangkasi by the local inhabitants was the tarsier kind was smallest. The measurement of his body during mature between 93-98 millimetre and heavy 57 gram. It was long that his tail between 197-205 millimetre.

This species had the resemblance with the Tarsier spectrum that lived spread in almost all the Sulawesi territories. However, the Tarsier pumilus did not have the spot that was pale by ears like the Tarsier spectrum. His tail hair is also more luxuriant compared with the tarsier generally.

The colour of his body between grey and chocolate with red face hair brownish. If the other primate generally has the nail, the tarsier had the claw that was very useful to climbing. The tail was scaly with hair between 60-70 percent. The foreleg and behind was impressed long.
Tarius stunted lived in the primary forest with the type of the mossy forest in the height between 1800-2200 metre. When being found in Roreketimbu, this animal lived in holes perakaran the land.

Apart from the Tarsier pumilus, at least had 6 similar species other that lived in Indonesia and 1 in the Philippines. Moreover, Ibnu was convinced still had the new species of the Tarsier that had never been identified. In the following expedition, he hoped could find him in areas that uptil now were isolated from the Sulawesi mainland especially the small islands of surrounding area.